了解了鳳凰單叢名稱定義後,今天我們再來從茶葉外觀及香型分類來更深入認識這飄香千古的烏龍名茶吧~

 

鳳凰單叢依照香型、品種不同,茶乾大小、粗細或許略有不同,然整體而言,良好的鳳凰單叢茶乾應該是條索重實緊結,色澤烏黑油潤,帶有些許鱔魚黃及硃砂紅點。湯色橙黃明亮。葉底葉緣朱紅,中心成黃綠色。

鳳凰單叢的迷人之處在於千變萬化的各種花香,分類大多以香型命名。最常見的品種有:

1. 宋種老欉四種
- 宋種一號:宋種中最老,母樹單株,樹齡高達600年。生長於烏棟李仔坪村,海拔1150米。目前已有無性繁殖的後代。香氣濃郁耐泡,帶獨特老欉韻。

- 宋種東方紅:曾在1958年被送給毛澤東品嚐,因而取名「東方紅」。梔子花香,蜜味高揚持久。

- 宋種芝蘭香:母樹共兩株。帶優雅的芝蘭香氣。

- 宋種蜜香:帶花香及明顯的甘藷蜜味,因此又稱宋種紅薯香。

2. 花蜜香型珍貴名欉十種:姜花香(通天香)、黃枝香、玉蘭香、桂花香、二矛芝蘭香、杏仁香(鉅朵仔)、蜜蘭香、夜來香、肉桂香、茉莉香。

3. 其他常見香型:八仙(因僅有八株得名,白玉蘭花香)、蛤古撈(根據母樹姿態取名)、鴨屎香(已正名為銀花香)、烏葉香(蘭花香)、白葉香(蜜糖香)和柚花香等等。

看到這,大家是不是覺得,要喝遍所有香型的單叢也是種挑戰呢~ 一起來收集吧!

 

After background introduction to Feng Huang Dan Cong in previous post, let’s talk more about the outlook, aroma and categorization of this beautiful and rich-in-history tea!

The size of dry tea leaves may be slightly different according to the species, but in general, a nice Dan Cong should have the dry tea of tightly twisted, heavy weighted, dark in color with a little bit of tawny and dark red spots. The tea brew is yellow and crystal clear. The post brew leaves are yellowgreen with red rim around.

The most enchanting character of Feng Huang Dan Cong tea is the wide variety of aroma, thus it is usually named after its aroma type.

The most common categorization are as below:
1. Four types of Song Species ancient trees
- Song Species the First: With only one mother tree left, it is the oldest tree known within Song Species, over 600 years old. There are several asexual reproduced offspring exist, mainly growing in Lee Ping Village, Wu Dong Mountain. It is famous for the compelling fragrance and unique lasting charm of ancient tree.

- Song Species Dong Fang Hong (The East Red): The name was given since this tea once sent to Mao Ze Dong as a gift in 1958. This tea carries Cape Jasmine aroma and a long lasting honey scent.

- Song Species Zhe Lan Xiang: There are two known mother trees left. This tea is with an elegant orchid aroma.

- Song Species Honey scent: with floral aroma and interesting honey fragrance of sweet potato. Thus its also called Sweet Potato Song Species.

2. Ten famous flower scented species: Jiang Hua Xiang/ Tong Tian Xiang (Jinger Lily aroma), Huang Zhe Xiang (Cape jasmine aroma), Yu Lan Xiang (Magnolia aroma), Guei Hua Xiang (Osmanthus aroma), Er Mao Zhe Lan Xiang (Orchid aroma), Xing Ren Xiang/ Ju Duo Zi (Almond aroma), Mi Lan Xiang (Honey scented), Yeh Lai Xiang ( Tuberose aroma), Rou Guei Xiang (Cinnamon aroma), and Mo Li Xiang (Jasmine aroma).

3. Other aroma type
- Ba Xian: Magnolia aroma. Named after eight Chinese Gods, since there are only eight trees left.

- Ha Gu Lao: Means “toad”. The name was given according to the shape of the mother tree.

- Ya Shih Xiang: Means “the scent of duck poop”. But now has got the official name of Yin Hua Xiang (Honeysuckle).

- Wu Yeh Xiang: Magnolia aroma.

- Bai Yeh Xiang: Honey and sugar scent.

- Yu Hua Xiang: the flower of pomelo.

After knowing all these aroma types of Feng Huang Dan Cong, do you have the eager to collect all of them like I do? Let's take the challenge!

By Vicky C.